The activities of our group are in the broad area of heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics. Our focus is on technologies for desalination of seawater and brackish water, remediation of various waste waters, and recycling of water, with increased energy efficiency and reduced environmental impact as core objectives. This work includes thermodynamic cycle analysis, transport processes in components, solar-energy driven systems, and both thermal and membrane separations.
Past activities in our lab have included thermal management of electronics, high heat flux engineering, thermal stress and deformation, thermal manufacturing processes, liquid jet impingement cooling, instrumentation, thermally stratified turbulent flow, and thermally driven instabilities.
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Recent Journal Papers (last 10)
Y. Roy, G.P. Thiel, M.A. Antar, and J.H. Lienhard V, “The Effect of Increased Top Brine Temperature on the Performance and Design of OT-MSF Using a Case Study,” Desalination, accepted, Feb. 2017. ( doi link)
M. Rezaei, D.M. Warsinger, J.H. Lienhard V, W.M. Samhaber, “Wetting prevention in membrane distillation through superhydrophobicity and recharging an air layer on the membrane surface,”
J. Membrane Sci., online 12 Feb. 2017, 530:42-52, 15 May 2017. ( doi link) ( free download)
D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, J. Swaminathan, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Theoretical framework for predicting inorganic fouling in membrane distillation and experimental validation with calcium sulfate,”
J. Membrane Sci., online 22 Jan. 2017, 528:381-390, 15 April 2017. ( doi link) ( free download)
H.W. Chung, L.D. Banchik, J. Swaminathan, and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the present and future economic viability of stand-alone pressure-retarded osmosis,”
Desalination, online 21 Jan. 2017, 408:133-144, 15 April 2017. ( doi link) ( free download)
H.W. Chung, K.G. Nayar, J. Swaminathan, K.M. Chehayeb, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Thermodynamic analysis of brine management methods: zero-discharge desalination and salinity-gradient power production,”
Desalination, online 23 Nov. 2016, 404:291-303, 17 Feb. 2017. ( doi link)
A. Servi, E. Guillen-Burrieza, D.M. Warsinger, W. Livernois, K. Notarangelo, J. Kharraz, J.H. Lienhard V, H.A. Arafat, and K.K. Gleason, “The effects of iCVD film thickness and conformality on the permeability and wetting of MD membranes,” online 6 Oct. 2016,
J. Membrane Sci., 523:470-479, 1 Feb. 2017. ( doi link)
O. Labban, C. Liu, T.H. Chong, J.H. Lienhard V, “Fundamentals of Low-Pressure Nanofiltration: Membrane Characterization, Modeling, and Understanding the Multi-Ionic Interactions in Water Softening,”
J. Membrane Sci., online 31 August 2016, 521:18-32, 1 January 2017. ( doi link) ( preprint)
J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, D.M. Warsinger, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Membrane Distillation Model Based on Heat Exchanger Theory and Configuration Comparison,” online 23 Oct. 2016,
Applied Energy, 184:491-505, 15 Dec. 2016. ( doi link) ( preprint)
R.K. McGovern and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the asymptotic flux of ultrapermeable seawater
reverse osmosis membranes due to concentration polarisation,” J. Membrane Sci., online 20 August 2016, 520:560-565, 15 December 2016. ( doi link) ( preprint)
Mass transfer strongly limits flux gains achievable by high permeability membranes.
D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, K.G. Nayar, L.A. Maswadeh, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Efficiency of Batch and Semi-batch (CCRO) Reverse Osmosis Desalination,”
Water Research, online 25 Sept. 2016, 106:272-282, 1 Dec. 2016. ( doi link) ( preprint)
Energy saving reverse osmosis desalination systems invented at MIT.
L.R. Glicksman and J.H. Lienhard V. Modeling and Approximation in Heat Transfer. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2016. ( URL) ( About)
J.H. Lienhard V, G.P. Thiel, D.E.M. Warsinger, L.D. Banchik (eds.),
Low Carbon Desalination: Status and Research, Development, and Demonstration Needs, Report of a workshop conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in association with the Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance, MIT Abdul Latif Jameel World Water and Food Security Lab, Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 2016. (pdf)
R.K. McGovern and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the potential of forward osmosis to energetically outperform reverse osmosis desalination,”
J. Membrane Sci., 469:245-250, Nov. 2014. ( doi link) (preprint) Reverse osmosis is more energy efficient than [single feed stream] forward osmosis for seawater desalination
D. Cohen-Tanugi, R.K. McGovern, S. Dave, J.H. Lienhard V, and J.C. Grossman, “Quantifying the Potential of Ultra-permeable Desalination Membranes,”
Energy Environ. Sci., 7(3):1134-1141, Feb. 2014. ( doi link) (preprint) High membrane permeability does not save substantial energy in single-pass RO, but it can reduce system size.
M. Sweetland, J.H. Lienhard V, and A.H. Slocum, “A Convection/Radiation Temperature Control System for High Power Density Electronic Device Testing,”
ASME J. Electronic Packaging, 130:0310123, 2008 (pdf) Jet arrays and fiber-optic lasers for IC temperature control.
C.H. Oh, J.H. Lienhard V, H.F. Younis, R.S. Dahbura, and D. Michels, “Liquid Jet-Array Cooling Modules for High Heat Fluxes,”
AIChE Journal, 44(4):769-779, 1998. (PDF file)
Heat flux of 1.7 kW/cm 2 by forced convection using liquid jet arrays.
S.K. Bhunia and J.H. Lienhard V, “Surface Disturbance Evolution and the Splattering of Turbulent Liquid Jets,”
J. Fluids Engineering, 116:(4):721-727, 1994. (pdf)
Discover the k spectrum! -19/3
X. Liu and J.H. Lienhard V, “Extremely High Heat Fluxes Beneath Impinging Liquid Jets,”
J. Heat Transfer, Vol.115, No.2, 1993, pp.472-476.
Heat flux of ~40 kW/cm 2 beneath a high speed impinging liquid jet.
And Ten More Popular Publications
D.E.M. Warsinger, J. Swaminathan, E. Guillen, H.A. Arafat, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Scaling and Fouling In Membrane Distillation for Desalination Applications: A Review,” Desalination, 356:294-313, 15 January 2015. ( doi link) (preprint)
A.K. Plappally and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Requirements for Water Production, Treatment, End Use, Reclamation, and Discharge,”
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7):4818-4848, Sept. 2012. ( doi link)
E.K. Summers, H.A. Arafat, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy efficiency comparison of single stage membrane distillation (MD) desalination cycles in different configurations,”
Desalination, 290:54-66, Feb. 2012. ( doi link)
K.H. Mistry, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, E.K. Summers, S.M. Zubair, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Entropy generation analysis of desalination technologies,”
Entropy, 13(10):1829-1864, Sept. 2011 ( pdf). Received Best Paper Award
G.P. Narayan, M.H. Sharqawy, E.K. Summers, J.H. Lienhard V, S.M. Zubair, and M.A. Antar, “The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production,”
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4):1187-1201, May 2010. ( doi link) ( preprint)
M.H. Sharqawy, J.H. Lienhard V, and S.M. Zubair, “The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data,”
Desalination and Water Treatment, 16:354-380, April 2010. (pdf)
A.E. Bergles, J.H. Lienhard V, G.E. Kendall, and P. Griffith, “Boiling and Evaporation in Small Diameter Channels,”
Heat Transfer Engineering, 24(1):18-40, 2003. (pdf)
X. Liu and J.H. Lienhard V, “The Hydraulic Jump in Circular Liquid Jet Impingement and in Other Thin Films,”
Expts. Fluids, 15:108-116, 1993. (pdf)
X. Liu, J.H. Lienhard V, and J.S. Lombara, “Convective Heat Transfer by Impingement of Circular Liquid Jets,”
J. Heat Transfer, 113(3):571-582, 1991. (pdf)
J.H. Lienhard V and C.W. Van Atta, “The decay of turbulence in thermally stratified flow,”
J. Fluid Mechanics, 210:57-112, Jan. 1990. (pdf)