Research Overview

The activities of our group are in the broad area of heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics. Our focus is on technologies for desalination of seawater and brackish water, remediation of various waste waters, and recycling of water, with increased energy efficiency and reduced environmental impact as core objectives. This work includes thermodynamic cycle analysis, transport processes in components, solar-energy driven systems, and both thermal and membrane separations.

Past activities in our lab have included thermal management of electronics, high heat flux engineering, thermal stress and deformation, thermal manufacturing processes, liquid jet impingement cooling, instrumentation, thermally stratified turbulent flow, and thermally driven instabilities.

Selected Publications

Recent Journal Papers (last 10)
W. Rohlfs, G.P. Thiel, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Modeling reverse osmosis element design using superposition and an analogy to convective heat transfer,” J. Membrane Sci., 512:38-49, 15 August 2016. (doi link)

E.W.Tow and J.H. Lienhard V, “Quantifying osmotic membrane fouling to enable comparisons across diverse processes,” J. Membrane Sci., 511:92-107, 1 Aug. 2016. (doi link) (free download)

J. Swaminathan, K.G. Nayar, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Mechanical Vapor Compression-Membrane Distillation Hybrids for Reduced Specific Energy Consumption,” Desalination and Water Treatment, online 28 April 2016. (doi link)

L.D. Banchik, A.M. Weiner, B. Al Anzi, J.H. Lienhard V, “System scale analytical modeling of forward and assisted forward osmosis mass exchangers with a case study on fertigation,” J. Membrane Sci., 510:533-545, 15 July 2016. (doi link) (free download)

W. Rohlfs and J.H. Lienhard V, “Entrance length effects on Graetz number scaling in laminar duct flows with periodic obstructions: Transport number correlations for spacer-filled membrane channel flows,” Intl. J. Heat Mass Transfer, online 12 March 2016, 97:842-852, June 2016. (doi link) (free download)

K.G. Nayar, M.H. Sharqawy, L.D. Banchik, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Thermophysical properties of seawater: A review and new correlations that include pressure dependence,” Desalination, 390:1-24, 15 July 2016, online 7 April 2016. (doi link) (free download)

D.M. Warsinger, A. Servi, S. Van Belleghem, J. Gonzalez, J. Swaminathan, J. Kharraz, H.W. Chung, H.A. Arafat, K.K. Gleason, and J.H. Lienhard V, “The Combined Effect of Air Recharging and Membrane Superhydrophobicity on Fouling in Membrane Distillation,” J. Membrane Sci., online 14 January 2016, 505:241-252, 1 May 2016. (doi link)

J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, D.M. Warsinger, J.H. Lienhard V, “Simple Method for Balancing Direct Contact Membrane Distillation,” Desalination, online 22 January 2016, 383:53-59, 1 April 2016. (doi link) (free download)

J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, D.M. Warsinger, F. AlMarzooqi, H.A. Arafat, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Efficiency of Permeate Gap and Novel Conductive Gap Membrane Distillation,” J. Membrane Sci., online 10 December 2015, 502:171–178, 15 March 2016. (doi link)

H.W. Chung, J. Swaminathan, D.M. Warsinger, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Multistage vacuum membrane distillation (MSVMD) systems at high salinity,” J. Membrane Sci., online 15 Sept. 2015, 497:128–141, 1 Jan. 2016. (doi link)

Spotlight Publications
L.R. Glicksman and J.H. Lienhard V. Modeling and Approximation in Heat Transfer. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2016. URL

G.P. Narayan and J.H. Lienhard V, “Humidification-dehumidification desalination,” in Desalination: Water from Water, Chpt.9. Salem, MA: Wiley-Scrivener, 2014. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V, A. Bilton, M.A. Antar, G. Zaragoza, and J. Blanco, “Solar Desalination,” in Annual Review of Heat Transfer, Vol. 15, Chpt.9. New York: Begell House, Inc., 2012. (pdf)

M. Sweetland, J.H. Lienhard V, and A.H. Slocum, “A Convection/Radiation Temperature Control System for High Power Density Electronic Device Testings,” ASME J. Electronic Packaging, 130:0310123, 2008 (pdf)
Jet arrays and fiber-optic lasers for IC temperature control.

S.K. Bhunia and J.H. Lienhard V, “Surface Disturbance Evolution and the Splattering of Turbulent Liquid Jets,” J. Fluids Engineering, 116:(4):721-727, 1994. (pdf)
Discover the k-19/3 spectrum!

And Ten More Popular Publications
A.K. Plappally and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Requirements for Water Production, Treatment, End Use, Reclamation, and Discharge,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7):4818-4848, Sept. 2012. (doi link)

R. Saffarini, E.K. Summers, H.A. Arafat, J.H. Lienhard V, “Technical evaluation of stand-alone solar-powered membrane distillation systems,” Desalination, 286:332–341, Jan. 2012. (doi link)

K.H. Mistry, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, E.K. Summers, S.M. Zubair, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Entropy generation analysis of desalination technologies,” Entropy, 13(10):1829-1864, Sept. 2011 (pdf). Received Best Paper Award

G.P. Narayan, M.H. Sharqawy, E.K. Summers, J.H. Lienhard V, S.M. Zubair, and M.A. Antar, “The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4):1187-1201, May 2010. (doi link)

M.H. Sharqawy, J.H. Lienhard V, and S.M. Zubair, “The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data,” Desalination and Water Treatment, 16:354-380, April 2010. (pdf)

A.E. Bergles, J.H. Lienhard V, G.E. Kendall, and P. Griffith, “Boiling and Evaporation in Small Diameter Channels,” Heat Transfer Engineering, 24(1):18-40, 2003. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V, “Liquid Jet Impingement,” in Annual Review of Heat Transfer, C.L.Tien, ed., Vol.6, Chpt.4. New York: Begell House, 1995, pp.199-270. (pdf)

X. Liu and J.H. Lienhard V, “The Hydraulic Jump in Circular Liquid Jet Impingement and in Other Thin Films,” Expts. Fluids, 15:108-116, 1993. (pdf)

X. Liu, J.H. Lienhard V, and J.S. Lombara, “Convective Heat Transfer by Impingement of Circular Liquid Jets,” J. Heat Transfer, 113(3):571-582, 1991. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V and C.W. Van Atta, “The decay of turbulence in thermally stratified flow,” J. Fluid Mechanics, 210:57-112, Jan. 1990. (pdf)