Research Overview

The activities of our group are in the broad area of heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics. Our focus is on technologies for desalination of seawater and brackish water, remediation of various waste waters, and recycling of water, with increased energy efficiency and reduced environmental impact as core objectives. This work includes thermodynamic cycle analysis, transport processes in components, solar-energy driven systems, and both thermal and membrane separations.

Past activities in our lab have included thermal management of electronics, high heat flux engineering, thermal stress and deformation, thermal manufacturing processes, liquid jet impingement cooling, instrumentation, thermally stratified turbulent flow, and thermally driven instabilities.

Selected Publications

Recent Journal Papers (last 10)
H.W. Chung, K.G. Nayar, J. Swaminathan, K.M. Chehayeb, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Thermodynamic analysis of brine management methods: zero-discharge desalination and salinity-gradient power production,” Desalination, online 23 Nov. 2016, 404:291-303, 17 Feb. 2017. (doi link) (free download)

A. Servi, E. Guillen-Burrieza, D.M. Warsinger, W. Livernois, K. Notarangelo, J. Kharraz, J.H. Lienhard V, H.A. Arafat, and K.K. Gleason, “The effects of iCVD film thickness and conformality on the permeability and wetting of MD membranes,” online 6 Oct. 2016, J. Membrane Sci., 523:470-479, 1 Feb. 2017. (doi link)

O. Labban, C. Liu, T.H. Chong, J.H. Lienhard V, “Fundamentals of Low-Pressure Nanofiltration: Membrane Characterization, Modeling, and Understanding the Multi-Ionic Interactions in Water Softening,” J. Membrane Sci., online 31 August 2016, 521:18-32, 1 January 2017. (doi link)

J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, D.M. Warsinger, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Membrane Distillation Model Based on Heat Exchanger Theory and Configuration Comparison,” online 23 Oct. 2016, Applied Energy, 184:491-505, 15 Dec. 2016. (doi link) (free download)

R.K. McGovern and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the asymptotic flux of ultrapermeable seawater
reverse osmosis membranes due to concentration polarisation,” J. Membrane Sci., online 20 August 2016, 520:560-565, 15 December 2016. (doi link) (preprint)

D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, K.G. Nayar, L.A. Maswadeh, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Efficiency of Batch and Semi-batch (CCRO) Reverse Osmosis Desalination,” Water Research, online 25 Sept. 2016, 106:272-282, 1 Dec. 2016. (doi link) (free download) (preprint)

E.W. Tow, M. Rencken, and J.H. Lienhard V, “In situ visualization of organic fouling and cleaning mechanisms in reverse osmosis and forward osmosis,” Desalination, online 9 Sept. 2016, 399:138-147, 1 Dec. 2016. (doi link) (preprint)

G.P. Thiel and J.H. Lienhard V, “An effectiveness-NTU relationship for evaporators with non-negligible boiling point elevation increases,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 138(12):12180, December 2016. (doi link)

W. Rohlfs, G.P. Thiel, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Modeling reverse osmosis element design using superposition and an analogy to convective heat transfer,” J. Membrane Sci., 512:38-49, 15 August 2016. (doi link)

E.W.Tow and J.H. Lienhard V, “Quantifying osmotic membrane fouling to enable comparisons across diverse processes,” J. Membrane Sci., 511:92-107, 1 Aug. 2016. (doi link) (preprint)

Spotlight Publications
L.R. Glicksman and J.H. Lienhard V. Modeling and Approximation in Heat Transfer. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2016. (URL) (About)

G.P. Narayan and J.H. Lienhard V, “Humidification-dehumidification desalination,” in Desalination: Water from Water, Chpt.9. Salem, MA: Wiley-Scrivener, 2014. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V, A. Bilton, M.A. Antar, G. Zaragoza, and J. Blanco, “Solar Desalination,” in Annual Review of Heat Transfer, Vol. 15, Chpt.9. New York: Begell House, Inc., 2012. (pdf)

M. Sweetland, J.H. Lienhard V, and A.H. Slocum, “A Convection/Radiation Temperature Control System for High Power Density Electronic Device Testing,” ASME J. Electronic Packaging, 130:0310123, 2008 (pdf)
Jet arrays and fiber-optic lasers for IC temperature control.

S.K. Bhunia and J.H. Lienhard V, “Surface Disturbance Evolution and the Splattering of Turbulent Liquid Jets,” J. Fluids Engineering, 116:(4):721-727, 1994. (pdf)
Discover the k-19/3 spectrum!

And Ten More Popular Publications
A.K. Plappally and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Requirements for Water Production, Treatment, End Use, Reclamation, and Discharge,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7):4818-4848, Sept. 2012. (doi link)

R. Saffarini, E.K. Summers, H.A. Arafat, J.H. Lienhard V, “Technical evaluation of stand-alone solar-powered membrane distillation systems,” Desalination, 286:332–341, Jan. 2012. (doi link)

K.H. Mistry, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, E.K. Summers, S.M. Zubair, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Entropy generation analysis of desalination technologies,” Entropy, 13(10):1829-1864, Sept. 2011 (pdf). Received Best Paper Award

G.P. Narayan, M.H. Sharqawy, E.K. Summers, J.H. Lienhard V, S.M. Zubair, and M.A. Antar, “The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4):1187-1201, May 2010. (doi link)

M.H. Sharqawy, J.H. Lienhard V, and S.M. Zubair, “The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data,” Desalination and Water Treatment, 16:354-380, April 2010. (pdf)

A.E. Bergles, J.H. Lienhard V, G.E. Kendall, and P. Griffith, “Boiling and Evaporation in Small Diameter Channels,” Heat Transfer Engineering, 24(1):18-40, 2003. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V, “Liquid Jet Impingement,” in Annual Review of Heat Transfer, C.L.Tien, ed., Vol.6, Chpt.4. New York: Begell House, 1995, pp.199-270. (pdf)

X. Liu and J.H. Lienhard V, “The Hydraulic Jump in Circular Liquid Jet Impingement and in Other Thin Films,” Expts. Fluids, 15:108-116, 1993. (pdf)

X. Liu, J.H. Lienhard V, and J.S. Lombara, “Convective Heat Transfer by Impingement of Circular Liquid Jets,” J. Heat Transfer, 113(3):571-582, 1991. (pdf)

J.H. Lienhard V and C.W. Van Atta, “The decay of turbulence in thermally stratified flow,” J. Fluid Mechanics, 210:57-112, Jan. 1990. (pdf)